Field Trip 1

Grasses and Sedges:

This appears to be sedge. The stem of thus plant seems to have a triangular shape which is characteristic to sedges.

This is a grass. The leaf shafts appear to be open and overlap each other.

Seed Dispersal:

Sweet Crabapple (Malus coronaria). The seeds of this plant are encased within a fleshy fruit that is typically consumed by birds. This animal consumption helps disperse the crabapple’s seeds.

Invasive Plant:

Tree-of-Heaven (Ailanthus altissima). This invasive tree originated in China. This species is able to thrive in poor soil conditions which led to it being planted in cities. The tree can then compete with native plants for sun and nutrients. One of the most straightforward control methods is to have the tree removed via traditional removal methods (i.e. chainsaw).

Monocots and Eudicots:

Dragon’s Mouth (Arethusa bulbosa). Monocot. Monocots typically have flower parts in 3’s, which helped with this flower’s identification.

Garden Yellow Rocket (Barbarea vulgaris). Dicot. Dicots typically have flower parts in 4’s or 5’s , with broad net-veined leaves. Being a member of the Brassicaceae family, this flower obvious has four parts.

Field Trip 2

Mosses:

I believe this is an acrocarp. Specifically, I think this moss is Amblystegium varium. The fact that the leaves have a lance-like she helped me come to this conclusion after view the Mosses page on the Ohio Plants website.

I believe this is a pluerocarp. Specifically, I think this moss is Anacamptodon splachnoides. The presence of a sickle shape helps with this conclusion after comparing it to the Ohio Plants page about mosses.

Ferns:

Intermediate Wood Fern (Dryopteris intermedia). Monomorphic, bipinnate fronds.

Christmas Fern (Polystichum acrostichoides). Monomorphic, pinnate fronds.

Threats:

Holes created by woodpeckers that indicate the presence of insects that could have been harmful to the tree. This could be solved by insuring that there are no invasive insect species in the area that pose a threat to the trees by damaging them from the inside out.

This appears to be some type of fungus that has lead to the death of this tree (there were no new leaves or anything on the tree). To solve this and prevent it from happening to other trees, researchers can determine was plant may be harboring the possible fungus and find a way to remove that specific plant or combat the fungus another way.

Shrubbery:

Frosted Hawthorn (Crataegus pruinosa). The thorns that are present on this shrub are a great indicator of it being some sort of Hawthorn. Apparently, the fruits and flowers can have a hypotensive effect and can help with certain heart health components.

Maple-Leaved Viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium). The leaves resemble those of a Maple tree which makes it easy to identify. The leaves of this shrub can potentially be used in teas.